Researchers at the University of Guelph in Ontario (Canada) have studied the ability of humans to recognize the facial expressions of cats and understand their emotions based on visual signs. The result was disappointing - the overwhelming majority of the participants in the experiment had answers at the level of "guess it or not." And only 13 people out of almost 6, 000 respondents answered correctly 75% or more of the test questions.
Facial expressions and gestures, numerous facial expressions and movement patterns in cats are highly developed. The problem is that some people do not know about it at all, while others do not try to learn to recognize them. The best results are shown not by cat owners, but by veterinarians.
One of the reasons for this situation is that in the world as a whole, few people are engaged in this issue - for several hundred scientific articles on dog behavior, there was only one publication about cats. There is no methodology or practice of sufficiently deep study of their behavior to analyze it in detail. Partly because cats have a well-deserved reputation for manipulation and they themselves "sabotage" this process.
Veterinarians learn to recognize the emotions of animals during work, as this is an integral part of it. You cannot ask an animal “where it hurts”, what worries her - this has to be understood through her reaction to the doctor's actions. And they confirm that cats have very rich facial expressions, much broader than we used to imagine.