Along with Antarctica ice cores and annual rings of old trees, scientists have many other unusual sources of information about the past. For example, fossils of porites - ancient corals from the Persian Gulf. They are interesting in that they have accumulated in their structure and preserved information about such a phenomenon as dust storms. And they point to the probable cause of the death of the legendary Akkadian empire.
The Akkadian Empire existed in Mesopotamia from the 24th to the 22nd century BC. It was a powerful state entity that united several large cities, which dominated the region for a couple of centuries in a row. Officially, the cause of the collapse of the empire is considered to be the invasion of other peoples who took advantage of the weakening of the Akkadians. But what weakened them?
One of the fossilized porites studied in the Akkadian study
Recent studies of 4, 100-year-old porite fossils have revealed that before the decline of their civilization, the peasants of Akkad were faced with an eerie phenomenon. Unexpected periods of severe drought were punctuated by violent shamals - sandstorms that carried huge amounts of sand and provoked storms in the Persian Gulf. Shamal was replaced by drought, there was no rain for months, agriculture became almost impossible. Hunger, social unrest, riots - from a strong empire Akkad turned into a state on the brink of survival.
This is just a theory, which has certain drawbacks, but it is interesting because history gives us a good example. A strong empire, one of the most developed for its time, fell due to climatic cataclysms. Fertile lands turned into deserts, and formerly powerful cities became a trap for their inhabitants. A repetition of a similar scenario cannot be ruled out in the future - the climate on our planet is rapidly changing, becoming less and less predictable, and this cannot but cause concern.