The ancient city of Heraklion, during its heyday, was a busy seaport at the mouth of the Nile. Today it is located in the same place, but under water, at a depth of about 45 m. Most of the ruins are hidden under a layer of silt, less than 5% of the buildings are accessible to archaeologists. Recently, however, a team of divers led by Frank Goddio made several new and important finds here.
Scientists have used the largest set of tools in the history of studying the sunken city. They had information from a satellite positioning system, echo sounders, magnetometers and side-looking sonars at their disposal. As a result of the scan, previously unknown port facilities were found, as well as the main city temple of Amon Garp. And they also managed to find the second part of the ceremonial boat, which they found earlier.
Another interesting find was the coins of the Byzantine kingdom, which testify that Heraklion flourished in the 4th century AD. Scientists believe that the city died at least 1000 years ago, due to seismic activity and the rise of the sea, it literally slid into it from the unstable coast.
The size of the ruins, in particular the temple buildings, as well as the huge amount of valuable cargo on boats in the port, indicate the status and significance of Heraklion. It was nicknamed "Egyptian Atlantis", because here under water there are literally everywhere traces of a great civilization that has not withstood the test of time.