For decades, oil has been transported on an industrial scale through giant pipelines. Because it is cheaper, safer and more convenient than transporting "black gold" by rail tank cars. However, the situation may change if the technology of converting liquid oil into solid granules from Canadian engineers gets the right to life.
The transformation technique is still kept secret, it is only known that high temperatures and pressure are used for this. The end product is very similar to filled candy - a hard, asphalt-like outer layer and a liquid core. Such pellets-pellets can be obtained from both heavy oil and bitumen, relatively quickly and cheaply.
Oil pellets have one colossal advantage that overshadows everything else - they do not sink in water and practically do not degrade on their own. Such raw materials can be scooped up with the palm of your hand and put in your pocket, loaded and transported using any non-specialized vehicle. There is no need to build oil terminals, there will be no more catastrophic oil spills in the ocean, and to eliminate the accident, it will be enough to sweep the granules with a large broom.
Yes, transporting huge volumes of oil, even in granules, still requires energy, but in the absence of special requirements, they become comparable to organizing the pumping of raw materials through a pipeline. Oil granulation units can be placed right next to wells, making them mobile in the long term, which will radically change the entire logistics of the industry. Taking into account the peculiarities of the development of the difficult region of the Arctic, this invention may well become revolutionary.