The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented a report on the real and immediate consequences of global warming. And she prepared a detailed plan of action to save the planet and humanity from this phenomenon. The main postulate is that there is no more time for maneuvers, you need to act right now and extremely tough.
The global temperature has already risen by 1 ° in comparison with the pre-industrial level, and our task is to keep the growth at the level of 1.5 ° by 2050. Because if the air warms up to all 2 °, then we will face a poor harvest of basic cereals, rice, corn and wheat, a surge in malaria and dengue fever. And, as a result, the total impoverishment of millions of people, the failure of many charity programs, the destruction of social institutions, famine, wars and the extinction of entire continents. But there is a chance to stop it.
Firstly, all power engineers in the world should forget about coal in principle, and a CO 2 trap will have to be put on each exhaust pipe of all mechanisms. By 2050, 85% of all generation in the world needs to be transferred to renewable energy sources, the rest - from nuclear power plants or installations on natural gas. CO 2 emissions need to be reduced by 90% globally by switching to electricity and hydrogen technology. In 15 years, the planes should become hybrid, and the ships move using the energy of the wind and the sun.
Where there are now fields and pastures, it will be necessary to plant forests, in extreme cases, crops of rapeseed and other crops used for energy production. Food must be obtained from vertical urban farms, where the symbiosis of the latest GMO crops and microbes will allow harvesting a large enough crop with a minimum consumption of fertilizers and water. Huge farms for the production of edible algae will appear on the coast, and whoever wants delicacies will be able to buy biosynthesized analogues of meat, fish and exotic fruits.
In terms of numbers, this plan is realistic enough. But how to force world governments to destroy numerous traditional industries, force billions of people to save and sacrifice their comfort, and corporations - to abandon enrichment and mobilize for the sake of the illusory idea of saving all of humanity? There is no simple and understandable answer to this question even in the face of the global crisis.