The drawings in a cave on the island of Sulawesi, discovered two years ago, are recognized as the oldest known to science. Their age is extremely difficult to estimate, but according to approximate calculations it is 43, 9-44 thousand years. Which is much older than the 35, 000-year-old images found in other caves in Sulawesi.
Scientists complain that due to its antiquity, the painting has suffered greatly from natural impact, it is all covered with sedimentary deposits and it is almost impossible to take samples from it without destroying the artifact itself. Therefore, all assessments and conclusions on the image are quite subjective. Common is only an opinion about the plot - this is a scene of a hunt for an animal that resembles a bull of some humanoid creatures, werewolves.
Until recently, the oldest artistic depiction of a humanoid beast is 40, 000 years old - this is a figurine of a woman with a cat's head, found in Germany. The less ancient and much better described deities of Ancient Egypt are often depicted in the same style - they look like huge people with animal heads. The werewolf or beastman theme is global, and traces of it can be found in many parts of the world. Scientists have yet to find an explanation for this phenomenon.
The painting from the Sulawesi cave has another important meaning. This is not a work of art, but simply a "sketch from life", the image reflects part of the natural life of the people of that time. From which we can draw two conclusions. First, already 44 thousand years ago, people were sufficiently developed to deal with cultural issues in addition to surviving. Secondly, they had a developed or simply successful drawing technique - you can see that the paint lasted an incredibly long time. But what these technologies were and where they came from is still unknown.