The eye of a moth became the prototype for anti-reflective self-cleaning glass

Researchers at the University of Cambridge (UK) have created an anti-reflective self-cleaning coating based on special porous films that can be used to make special glass and plastics.

According to the laws of physics, the less light a surface refracts, the greater the antiglare effect. In nature, the eyes of some insects, in particular moths, have such properties. On the surface of her eyes are microscopic hexagonal protrusions, thanks to which the moth sees perfectly in the dark, while remaining invisible.

The unique coating, created by British researchers, is not only anti-reflective, but also self-cleaning, thanks to the small holes and nanocrystals of titanium dioxide. When light hits the surface, they break the dirt into carbon dioxide and water, which subsequently evaporate.

Scientists plan to adapt their invention to create windows and solar panels in order to increase their efficiency.