One of the indispensable, iconic elements of the Viking culture were constant raids, during which they brought home their prey and left their genetic seed in return. Thanks to this, there were so many heirs of the Vikings that even today at least 10% of Swedes have their DNA, and in Great Britain it is 6% of the population. But here's the paradox - a careful study of these genes does not reveal traces of tall, fair-haired people, as it is customary to represent this ethnic group.
Evolutionary geneticist Eske Villerslev from the University of Cambridge and Copenhagen summed up the results of a large-scale study of the remains of the Vikings. 442 skeletons dated 793-1066 were studied. n. e. and found in a vast area from the ice of Greenland to the steppes of Russia. The first and main conclusion: the Vikings were neither a separate people nor a race, most of them were not related to each other at all. The Vikings were a gathering of people of very different origins, who were united by the economic and cultural model of sea robbers-conquerors.
Mass burial of Vikings in the UK
Scientists have identified three large genetic groups among the Vikings. Danish Vikings robbed and left their legacy in England, Norse Vikings conquered Iceland and reached Greenland, and Swedish Vikings took over the Baltic region. Interestingly, these groups almost did not intersect with each other, in any case, they did not exchange genetic material. Perhaps because of customs or ancient prohibitions.
Since most of the Viking gangs were formed from alien daredevils from various regions of Europe, right up to the Mediterranean, their genetic material was very diverse. And among them there were very few blondes, the dominant color of their hair was chestnut. The Vikings practiced the slave trade and had many children from concubines, who were also collected from various regions and lands, which further increased their genetic diversity.