Experts from Art Fraud Insights have completed a study of the artifacts known as the Dead Sea Scrolls ("Qumran Manuscripts") at the Museum of the Bible in Washington. This institution received some of these ancient documents in 2017. Doubts about their authenticity arose almost immediately, and now there is evidence that this is a scam of the century.
The original Dead Sea Scrolls, found in 1946 in the Qumran Cave, are now kept in the Temple of the Book on the grounds of the Israel Museum. After 2002, information appeared about additional fragments of the scrolls, which the Israelis considered not so valuable, and therefore approved their transfer to various museums around the world. Since then, questions about the authenticity of these new fragments have arisen all too often, so when a similar problem was encountered in the Bible Museum, they hired Art Fraud Insights to fully verify the exhibits.
All fragments turned out to be fakes. Firstly, the material of the scrolls is leather, very old, even ancient, but not parchment. Secondly, the chemical composition of the ink showed the presence of typical modern substances, which simply did not exist two thousand years ago. The inscriptions are made by hand, and on top of the ink (and this is fundamentally important), a layer of dust is applied, identical to the clay mineral from the Qumran Cave.
The dust is real and it became the main evidence. In the cave, it settles on the objects left in the course of a long natural process, here the dried ink was intentionally sprinkled with dust. Precisely in order to give the fake more authenticity, with obvious intent, which in itself proves that the fragments were created on purpose for deception. A lot of work has been done to forge important religious documents, and now the question arises: who did it and why?