At a recent meeting of the American Geophysical Union on the World Ocean, biogeographer Renée Setter of the University of Hawaii voiced the dire findings of her latest study. According to him, corals, as well as many other sea creatures, are doomed to extinction. By 2100, they may not remain at all - and humanity has a very small chance to fix something.
Setter's research was devoted to the study of such locations on the planet from which it would be possible to begin the man-made restoration of the coral population. That is, the salvation of the current fields of speech is no longer being discussed; conditions have developed around them too unfavorable to give the corals at least some chance of survival. The only option is to take samples and plant them in protected areas, where they can be protected in every possible way until the global situation on the planet gets better.
The problem is that careful analysis has not identified a single site suitable for coral rescue. In theory, you can create something like a nature reserve, sacrificing the interests of many people, because corals can only live in warm waters from which many countries feed. Put up barriers, remove all traces of civilization, exclude garbage from getting here, move shipping routes and carry out political reforms that would consolidate the status of a closed zone for all.
But a nature reserve in the ocean is a utopia, because it is not an indoor pool, but a communicating environment with the World Ocean. And in the latter, the acidity of the water is growing rapidly, largely due to the increase in the volume of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acidic water breaks down calcium carbonate, which is the basis for the structure of the corals themselves, as well as the shells and shells of many thousands of species of sea creatures. Is a person able to stop this trend? In theory, yes - but you need to act now.