Kurdish refugee Kaucher Birkar was presented with the Fields Prize, the most prestigious award in the field of mathematics. He made a major breakthrough in arithmetic geometry. He proved that an infinite variety of polynomial equations can be split into a finite number of classifications. Birkar hails from a Kurdish village in Iran. After the revolution, he received political asylum in the UK, leaving his bachelor's degree at home. He now works at the University of Cambridge.
At the International Congress of Mathematicians, which was held in Rio de Janeiro, in addition to him, three more scientists received the award. The youngest participant is Peter Scholze from the University of Bonn in Germany. He tried to unify arithmetic and geometry. Mathematicians have long sought to build bridges between these two ancient disciplines and create something like a "great unified theory." Peter Scholze has taken significant steps towards this goal.
Akshay Venkatesh of Princeton was awarded for research that could help prove the Riemann hypothesis. His work covers several areas of mathematics. Among them are number theory, dynamics and topology.
Another medal was awarded to Alessio Figalli from Switzerland. His research is aimed at finding the optimal route for transporting objects from one place to another. The contribution to the theory of optimal transport (the Monge-Kantorovich problem) has a wide range of applications: from crystal formation to weather changes.