GiveDirectly, a charitable organization that has funded direct money transfers to the poorest villages in East Africa since 2008, has officially launched Kenya's largest “universal basic income” experiment.
In accordance with it, starting from November 13, 6, 000 residents of 40 Kenyan villages will receive approximately $ 22.5 per month for 12 years. At the same time, residents of other 80 villages will receive the same money for two years, in another 80 villages people will receive a lump sum in the amount of two years of payment, and 100 villages will receive nothing.
The purpose of the study is to find out how people will spend their money, which in turn will provide answers to the following questions:
a) Will people stop working after that?
b) Will they start doing business?
c) Where will the money be spent - on drugs, alcohol or education?
Also, during the study, it will be possible to find out whether additional funding will reduce the negative aspects of poverty - violence and theft.
“The last 19 months since the announcement of the plans for the universal basic income project have been quite tumultuous, ” says Joe Houston, CFO at GiveDirectly. - The debate over our project continues to rage.
Their participants were divided into skeptics who claim that this is a waste of money, and optimists who believe that with his help people in the poorest countries will be able to exercise their civil and political rights. "