Four years ago in London, a group of scientists managed to create a piece of beef from living cells, from which the world's first "synthetic" hamburger was then prepared. Its significant drawback is that the dish turned out to be very expensive: 5 years of research cost a tidy sum - 300 thousand dollars. One of the founders of Google, Sergey Brin, donated money for this.
However, the idea of growing food in special bioreactors is becoming more and more relevant. As the population grows, agricultural land is shrinking, so new technologies are already required to solve the problem of food shortages.
One of the world leaders in this area is VVT Technical Research Center, located in Espoo, Finland. Center researcher Lauri Reuter has developed a small bioreactor, resembling a capsule coffee maker, inside of which edible cellular biomass matures. Scientists are currently experimenting with cells from arctic blackberries, strawberries, birches, and various grasses.
The human diet includes about eight crops, while thousands of other completely edible plants, many of which contain useful elements, remain outside the brackets. According to scientists, cultured cells have a number of advantages over natural products.
It is equally important that the use of cell cultivation technology will ensure the safety of many species of rare plants. Scientists have no doubt that over time, the productivity of bioreactors will increase manifold, and the products grown in them will become food for future generations.
According to Lauri Reuter, in the near future, people will be able to grow individual food in their home bioreactors, like homemade bread or yogurt.