In the Middle Ages, princes and generals wore "magic" combat clothes - a thin shirt made of natural silk was worn over the naked body and served as an antiseptic barrier in case of inevitable wounds. Today, researchers are interested in modified silk, which is called the material of the future and are going to revolutionize traumatology with it.
Scientists at the University of Connecticut are developing a silk thread bondage that will securely hold broken bones together. Without the need to drill them and install pins and knitting needles, which in itself is traumatic. Silk clips or loops, on top of that, gradually decompose and are eliminated from the body after about a year.
Their colleagues at the University of Perguda added a protein to the DNA of silkworm caterpillars that triggers a special chemical reaction. It is directed against E. coli bacteria - when a woven thread was stained in their solution, and then illuminated in a special spectrum, the reaction that began destroyed 55% of all microbes. This is somewhat like disinfecting a wound with concentrated hydrogen peroxide, and in the future, components that work as antibiotics can be added to silk thread and tissue to disinfect the wound immediately upon dressing.
The third area of application is the creation of artificial tendons from a combination of silk and nanocellulose. The first element is responsible for elasticity, the second for the strength of the structure, so great that such materials can be used in body armor. And if this can be realized, then the dreams of a person's subcutaneous armor become a reality. And if he can also run farther and lighter on the new tendons in his legs, super-silk will indeed become the material of the future.