The UK has begun construction of a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) research facility designed to ensure the safe operation of scientists in Antarctica. The object should be commissioned in 2023. The start of construction was timed to coincide with the 200th anniversary of the first observations in Antarctica, made by British naval officer Edward Bransfield.
Two-storey building with an area of 4500 sq. m will replace several existing buildings located outside the Rothera research station, which are considered obsolete or too expensive to maintain. The building includes preparation sites for field expeditions, a central warehouse, a first-aid post, offices, recreation areas, workshops and other premises.
Of particular interest is the roof with a wind deflector, whose task is to mitigate the consequences of the harsh conditions of Antarctica. However, this is not enough, therefore, the project provides for an open layout of workplaces, the presence of ceiling windows that provide maximum natural light and bright decor.
As the engineers at contractor Hugh Broughton Architects explained, "The energy efficient aerodynamic design focuses on the prevailing wind and uses a deflector to direct air at a higher velocity downwind, minimizing snow accumulation around the entire perimeter of the building."
The construction process is fraught with serious logistical difficulties: all the materials required for the construction of the building first go a long way on the ship, and only then are they removed from the containers. Further work continues on a strict schedule in accordance with seasonal conditions.