More recently, the "technical" capabilities of the doctor were limited by the phonendoscope, acquired by experience and intuition. Today medicine is the realm of modern technologies that allow you to penetrate into the previously unknown depths of human flesh - to molecules and atoms, from where, as it turned out, most human ailments originate.
Second breath of antibiotics
Once upon a time, antibiotics saved millions of lives from the most dangerous infections. But then the unexpected happened. All the fault was the availability of antibiotics, multiplied by their uncontrolled use, which led to the adaptation of infections to their "sworn enemies".
Today, scientists are busy creating a new generation of antibiotics. One of them is teixobactin, developed by scientists at the US Northeastern University based on a bacteria found in soil. Its advantages are in the detrimental effect on many types of pathogenic microbes and in absolute harmlessness to the body.
Intelligent all-seeing prosthesis
Michigan Technological University specialists have developed a prototype of an ankle prosthesis with a microprocessor control system, which includes a video camera that scans the space in front and behind. Its main function is to determine the surface profile and transmit video information to the "on-board" computer. He, in turn, having carefully analyzed it, will form the optimal angle and stiffness of the ankle, which is typical for a "live" leg.
Virtual Human Model
The idea for its creation belongs to the scientists of the Nizhny Novgorod State University. The goal of the project is to simulate a virtual human clone with all the smallest "details" typical for a living organism, but only in digital form. This required the use of the Lobachevsky supercomputer with a capacity of 600 teraflops.
Now it is possible to create a computer model of almost any person and work out various treatment options on it.
Electronic skin controls the brain
This piece of gold-colored cloth is no bigger than a postage stamp and is actually a nifty Biostamp electronic wearable. It was created by John Rogers and his fellow scientists at the University of Illinois.
Inside there are miniature sensors that track the processes taking place in the body. When placed on the head, the device can track electronic waves that precede various brain disorders such as epilepsy.
Disease Prediction Application
Its author is a Russian student Sophia Korenevskaya. The application will warn users about the occurrence of dangerous diseases of the digestive system, heart and nervous system based on biomedical indicators recorded by the software and hardware complex installed on the body.
Nanobrazers heal wounds
The concept of "non-healing wound" is associated with the presence of pathogenic microorganisms that are resistant to antibiotics. Scientists from the Institute of Physics of Strength and Materials Science (Tomsk) have developed nanobrafts that interact with microorganisms in a completely new way, which negates the possibility of infection and ensures rapid wound healing.
Hearing aid connected to the skull
A new generation of hearing aids involves the transmission of sound vibrations through the bones of the skull. Renowned British ENT surgeon Ray Jadeep has developed the T-OBCD for people with unilateral deafness. With the help of a simple operation, a titanium implant is fixed to the skull bone behind the ear. Sound transmission is carried out by two magnets.
Nanobubbles instead of scalpel
As a rule, in the treatment of malignant liver tumors, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a much more gentle and effective method of dealing with this terrible disease. Instead of a scalpel, the tumor is destroyed by nanobubbles filled with an anti-cancer drug. Having penetrated the tumor, they burst at the right time, destroying it from the inside.
Medical technology - the same age as medicine
Healers of the past quickly realized that knowledge of anatomy, chemistry, mechanics is necessary for a successful fight against ailments, that a damaged or lost organ can be replaced with an artificial one, and in order to perform an operation, special tools are required.
Among the artifacts of antiquity, there are descriptions of bloodletting, craniotomy and other complex operations. In ancient Rome, dentistry was well developed and surgical instruments, unique for that time, were created.
Mummy's leg prosthesis
On the leg of one of the ancient Egyptian mummies, archaeologists have found a magnificent prosthetic thumb, and in the tomb of Tutankhamun - the "ancestors" of modern sunglasses.
Dentures of ancient Rome
Modern pharmacology would never have arisen, had it not been for herbal healers who have collected for thousands of years, studied the healing properties of plants and created amazing medicines on their basis.