Since February of this year, the US military agency DARPA has begun implementing another ambitious project - Restoring Active Memory, which means "restoring active memory." The main goal of the project is to provide assistance to war veterans and everyone who suffers from the consequences of disorders and injuries that have led to complete or partial loss of memory.
The University of California and Pennsylvania are participating in the project. Its budget is about $ 38 million. The work will take place in two stages - joint and separate. In the course of joint research, scientists will have to create computer models of the action of neurons to encode memories, events and places of residence. Next, they will attempt to create new ways to electrically stimulate the brain regions responsible for memory.
After that, the researchers will disperse to their universities, where each will carry out his part of the program. The California group will focus on two brain regions - the entorhinal region and the hippocampus - the region responsible for generating emotions and consolidating memory. The result of their work should be a neuromodulating device.
Meanwhile, their Pennsylvania colleagues will begin working with several groups of patients undergoing rehabilitation after neurosurgery and with those who have been implanted in the brain with electrodes. They will be invited to play special computer games that develop memory. The purpose of the research is to identify the cells involved in the formation of memories.