It is no secret that oil spills on land and at sea cause colossal harm to the environment. Scientists in many countries have been solving this, without any exaggeration, global problem for many years.
The main method of localizing oil spills is the installation of special barriers and the subsequent mechanical collection of oil products from the water surface. However, it has two serious drawbacks - leakage through the barrier and the inability to completely remove all contamination. And then nature itself came to the aid of man.
It turns out that a whole class of microorganisms lives in the sea, which happily eat oil products. Biochemists headed by Professor Nicholas Kalogerakis decided to use their "services". The purpose of their research is the introduction of technologies that activate bacteria, which accelerate the biodegradation of pollution.
At the first stage, the stain is covered with a special composition of vegetable oils, which crushes it into small droplets, after which oil-eating bacteria begin to act. By the way, in natural conditions, they themselves find places of pollution. And then - bacteria eat oil, theirs - plankton and further along the food chain. In this regard, the main task of scientists is to significantly intensify the growth of these bacteria in polluted waters.